Different types of beers

From Marigold we want to cultivate your mind with information that we know you will like, it is about the different types of beers, thus becoming an expert of this incredible passion that we share, beer.

There are two large groups and they differ mainly by their yeast and their type of fermentation, we are talking about Ale beers and Lager beers. The Ale use yeast type Saccharomyces Cerevisiae, being its high fermentation, while the Lagers use yeast type Saccharomyces Carlsbergensis or Saccharomyces Uvarum, being its low fermentation.

There are two large groups and they differ mainly by their yeast and their type of fermentation, we are talking about Ale beers and Lager beers. The Ale use yeast type Saccharomyces Cerevisiae, being its high fermentation, while the Lagers use yeast type Saccharomyces Carlsbergensis or Saccharomyces Uvarum, being its low fermentation.

Ale Beers: We are dealing with a type of top-fermented beer, its fermentation taking place in the upper part of the fermenter. It is usual that they ferment at temperatures around 19 degrees for short periods between 5 and 7 days, a second fermentation will be necessary in order to reduce the turbidity of the beer. This type of beer is common to be made with a large amount of hops and a high alcoholic level, we emphasize that these are general data. These types of beers are generally not served cold as is the case with Lager beers.

Lager Beers: are those beers that use yeast that exert in the lower part of the fermenter. This type of beer usually requires low fermentation temperatures and long times. It is usual for a Lager beer to ferment at less than 10 degrees, and in most cases it is necessary below 5 degrees and that its process takes one to three months. Due to the low fermentation temperatures, these beers can only be made in winter or, on the contrary, in cold rooms or refrigerators.

They are usually made with a little hop, their color is light and their alcohol content is relatively low. Lagers are the beers that most of the population consumes, because its cold way of serving feels very good at the time of its ingestion.

Among the Lager beers the best known are the Pilsener, the Spezial, the Dortmunster, the Schwarzbier, the Vienna and most of the Bocks.

  • Pilsen beers: these are dry beers, with a fresh flavor, that is why they become the most popular and consumed by the population. Its color is toasted or blond, due to the malt that has been used to make it.

Its aging process makes them soften, obtaining a more adapted flavor for all audiences.

  • Spezials Beers: It is a craft beer with double malt, like the Pilsen they are blonde beers, but with more amber reflections. It is one of the beers that has a bitter taste despite having a mild smell. It is a very creamy beer.
  • Dortmunsters Beers: German beer, which has a more intense aroma than Pilsen beer, despite the fact that its production has little hops.
  • La Vienna beers: This is a beer that stands out for its malt aroma and its slight malt sweetness, the hops leave a medium-low bitter taste in it.
  • Bocks Beers: its flavor is full and malty, its darker versions have a more toasted and melanoidin flavor.

Below we proceed to explain the different types of beer that are distinguished by their ingredients:

  • Wheat beers: its elaboration is based on malt with wheat, its color is light and it has a low alcohol content. Its fermentation is carried out with Ale yeast.
  • Pale Ale : made with small proportions of roasted malt. Despite their color, they are beers made with a lot of hops so they have a lot of flavor, some are usually very bitter.
  • Stout beers: what is usually known in Spain as “black beer”, since its color is very dark, made with a large proportion of toasted and caramelized malts, as well as having a good amount of hops.
  • Potter Beers: It is usually categorized as a type of Stout, but it is a less dark and powerful beer. It is also Ale beer with a nice color and very appetizing hops.
  • Belgian Beers: beers with an intense flavor, with a large amount of hops, obtaining a sweet flavor thanks to the touch of amber and crystal malts.

As you can see, there are infinite different kinds of beer, but … like our MariGold none!

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